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ope电竞app官网写作中句式变化-主语多样化 

发布时间:2018/03/16

无论在大作文还是在小作文中,对于语法的评分要求之一就是句式的多样化。而对于基础较薄弱的学生而言,这一要求很难达到,因此在语法方面表达单一,无法拿到高分。一下总结了句式变化其中一种方法-主语对氧化。

  1.入门级别的主语

  最简单的名词充当主语

  1) Young people should be encouraged to broaden their horizons.

  2) The main concern is about the type of computer activities that attract children.

  无论是主谓宾还是主系表结构,最主要充当主语的成分为名词或名词短语,也就是作文中的讨论对象或描述主体。除此之外,主语被或长或短地修饰一下:

  1) Sports professionals in many countries have become stars and celebrities. (介词短语修饰主语)

  2) The amount of money they are able to earn in a short time seems to be unjustified. (定语从句修饰主语)

  3) A person killing for self-defense cannot be compared with a serial killer. (分词短语修饰主语)

  4) The proportion of money spent on food remained the highest throughout the period. 分词短语修饰主语)

  当注意中包含动作时,把动词变成非谓语动词形式:

  1) Smoking is harmful to people's health.

  2)Eating too much fast food is considered to be a leading cause of obesity, hypertension and heart disease.

  2.中文里不存在的主语----It (形式主语)

  1) It is important to use a condom when having sex.

  2) It is quite common for young people to have a break from studying after graduating from high school.

  3.用一个完整的句子做主语-主语从句

  1) Students study abroad can reap a number of benefits. (典型错误)

  2) Parents give children pocket money is a good decision. (典型错误)

  3) Government spends a lot of money on space exploration will lead to many problems. (典型错误)

  要解决这三个错误的句子只需要好好研究主语从句的连接词!

  4.用疑问词充当连接词做主语

  1) Whether children should be given pocket money has long been a controversial issue.

  2) Whether people should retire at 60 depends on their physical conditions.

  3) What governments ought to do is to impose heavy tax on calorie-rich food.

  4) What parents do has a great influence on their children

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